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CAPL Fights Pesticide Counterfeiting

 

 

 


Optimizing Pesticide Use
The guidance program of CAPL in 2009

 

 



 
 
Central Agricultural Pesticides Laboratory
History

      During the last 38 years CAPL had built a special Experience in the field of pesticides research and quality insurance. CAPL was established in 1970 according to an agreement between the Egyptian government and FAO in 1959. The purpose was to regulate pesticide use in Egypt by covering the different activities of Agricultural pesticides, using row material in manufacturing formulation and fulfill the registration requirement in addition to offering the technical help in field of pesticides use and disseminating information about the wise use of pesticides throughout the region

 

HPLCMammalian Dept.Analysis Dept.

          In 1983, CAPL achieved a great and significant step toward development and modernization. In this year, CAPL was moved into new facilities in Dokki, and become one of the five great laboratories that together with 16 institutes form the Agricultural Research Center, the main research body of the Ministry of Agriculture.

NMR

      As a result of Agricultural revolution and the intensification of planted crops, there was an explosion in pesticides use worldwide, especially in the last decade. Consequently the market of pesticides in Egypt presented an existence of hundreds of new pesticides. This burst in the pesticides varieties and quantities trigger off CAPL modernization process.Nowadays, CAPL become one of the greatest scientific institutes in the Middle East.

       With more than 200 researchers and 250 assistants and technicians who are specialized in pesticides science, CAPL developed a complete system for quality control assurance. Using the highest level of technology and a matrix of scientific instruments, CAPL become able to evaluate the quality level of the pesticides used in Egypt, and even impurities that could be present in the final product, became subject for identification and determination.


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Objectives

 

      The CAPL attempts to bring imported and exported pesticides under stringent control. The purpose is to prevent pesticides which do not comply with Egyptian regulations from reaching the end user. At the time pesticides enter importation status, they are examined in the CAPL.



         CAPL's officers sample pesticides in accordance with instructions. A prohibition on distribution of any consignment that is sampled is imposed until the laboratory has demonstrated it is in compliance with the regulations. The imported crude active ingredients are usually formulated in local factories.

          The frequent use of pesticides intoxicates the plant and disturbs plant constituents necessary for normal growth. Natural plant resistance against pest attack is also affected. Determination of plant constituents in normal state and under pesticide stress to help improve pesticide applications is a normal procedure in the CAPL. Field evaluation of registered pesticides on insects and improvement of pesticide formulations based on adjuvants derived from local material are two common procedures in the CAPL.

Upon request, scientific services, pesticide analysis in food water and soil, and scientific consultations are given through the CAPL special unit.

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Research Activities

 

      In order for the CAPL to assume its responsibilities, advanced research is undertaken to provide the farmers, exporters and importers of agricultural commodities with advice and proper services.
The research activities of the CAPL cover the following areas:
The CAPL gives liscense for pesticides importation, and pesticide analysis certificates for their release from the customs. If imported pesticides are not in accordance with the specifications they may be seized or returned to the point of origin at the shippers expense.

       After the release of pesticides in the Egyptian environment the CAPL goose after the residues in edible crops, soil and water. The main purpose is to keep pesticide residues within or below the allowed international levels. This would protect human and animal health, and ensure safe exportation of agricultural commodities to foreign market.
Mammalian toxicology is undertaken before the use of pesticides on large scale to distinguish between safe and detrimental pesticides.

      The dense treatment with pesticides usually leads to the development of resistance in agricultural pests. Monitoring of pesticides resistance with the identification of the biochemical defence mechanisms responsible for resistance is a major task of the CAPL. The purpose is to establish resistance management programs for the optimization of cotton pest control regimes.

1- Pesticide residue analysis in edible crops to determine the safe periods before harvest.

2- Monitoring pesticide residues in the elements of the environment (plants, water, soil, meat, fish, human, fluids, blood serum of lactating mothers and their children, edible crops).

3- Chemical and biological analysis of pesticides for compliance with the regulations.

4- Improving chemical and physical properties of pesticides using local materials.

5- Toxicological of pesticides on humans and animals to avoid their health and environmental hazards.

6- Field evaluation for pesticides at the recommended concentrations against pests infesting vegetables, fruits and field crops.

7- Establishment of mathematical models to predict sudden pest resurgence.

8- Insecticide resistance monitoring in agricultural pests to predict the development of resistance early enough before the failure of pest control regimes.

9- Identification of the biochemical defence mechanisms responsible for resistance in agricultural pests in an attempt to combat resistance before its occurrence.10- Impact of pesticides on plant physiology with special reference to pest attack and plant growth.

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CAPL Departments


1- Pesticide-Residues and Pollution Research Department
2- Pesticide Formulations Research Department
3- Mammalian Toxicology Research Department
4- Pesticide Analysis Research Department
5- Toxicity of Pesticides on
Pest Population Dynamic, Research Department
6- Resistance to Insecticides in agriculture Pest Research Department
7- Insecticide Bioassay Research Department
8- Pesticides Phytoxicity Research Department
9- Toxicity of Pesticides on Plant Pathogens Research Department
10-
Pest Rearing Research Department

 

 
Ministry of AgricultureAgricultural Research CenterCAPL
 

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