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Optimizing Pesticide Use
The guidance program of CAPL in 2009



Pesticides registration and ministerial decrees
           Pesticides have become an essential element in the modern agricultural practice. Generally, pesticides are biologically active substances, work to eliminate or kill wide spectrum of pests, reduce their damage and therefore increase crops productivity. Now a day, almost all crops are treated by at least one type of pesticides. Regardless of pesticide benefits, they are toxic chemicals and able to interact with one or more form of living organisms. Consequently, pesticides may harm the environment and may cause adverse effect to human health.  These facts raised global concern about the way such agrochemicals should be handle and use.
             In this regard, the international organizations such as the world health organization (WHO) and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) have been established many guidelines to help counties and nations to improve the process of pesticides management. For example, FAO in its "guideline for legislation on the control of pesticides" stated that 'All countries in which pesticides are used should have an effective pesticide registration and control scheme in operation. Such a scheme can assist in ensuring that pesticide use does not result in unreasonable risk to man, livestock and the environment.'  Although, the guidelines explain the principle of pesticides management, they left wide space for each country to develop its own system.            

            Agriculture represents the main activity in Egypt and the use of pesticides in agricultural practice has been known in Egypt since the 60th, and it was not until the early 1980s that the pesticides registration was established.

Legislation and registration process
        For any registration system to work effectively it should be base on legislation, this legislation "must be designed to be able to deal effectively with specific problems applicable in the country". According to the FAO definition the term legislation includes the Statutes enacted by the National Legislative body.- Acts, Laws, Ordinances -, and the Subordinate enactments such as Regulations, Decrees, Rules, Notices, and other relevant legal instruments, passed by the Government or an autonomous body". The purpose of legislation on the control of and use of pesticides is to enable society to obtain the benefits from their use with minimal adverse effects to man and the environment
            Registration is defined as "the process of evaluation and acceptance by a statutory authority of extensive documented proof submitted in support of all claims for efficacy and safety made for the proposed product". The purpose of registration is to ensure that pesticides, when used according to directions for use, warnings and precautions contained on the approved label, will be effective for their intended purpose, while not posing unacceptable risks to users, consumers of treated food, and wildlife or other non-target organisms".
          The Agricultural Pesticides Committee (APC) represents the governmental authority that responsible for management the use of pesticides in Egypt. The major goal of the APC is to regulate and manage the pesticides use in a manner that facilitate the use of the most effective pesticides and in the same time, preserve environment and human health.
legislation and decrees that control pesticides
Ministry of AgricultureAgricultural Research CenterCAPL

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